Some South Carolina residents may know that lung cancer deaths claim 150,000 lives in the U.S. annually. Medicare now covers a test called a spiral CT scan that screens for early lung cancer. The test is offered to smokers aged 55 to 77 on an annually basis. The recipients must have a 30-year history of smoking a pack of cigarettes each day. The results of a study done in 2011 concluded that 20 percent of lung cancer deaths might be prevented by using spiral CT imaging.
According to the American Automobile Association, 1.2 million car wrecks occur annually in the U.S. as a result of wet weather. Driving on wet pavement cannot always be avoided, but fortunately, good driving habits that South Carolina residents can practice can reduce their chances of getting in an accident.
As some South Carolina residents might know, a car crash may result in chest trauma. Without the protection a seat belt or air bag offers, it is possible the occupant's chest might strike the steering wheel or dashboard. This may result in a fracture of the sternum, the broad, flat bone in the chest.
South Carolina residents might be interested in learning more about the dangers of driving while drowsy, as described by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Researchers found that missing merely one night of sleep can result in a short-term state of sleepiness. Missing just one or two hours of sleep each night can actually result in chronic sleepiness. Researchers were able to identify three groups who are most affected by drowsiness while driving.
With all the media attention and public service ads teaching teenagers not to text while driving, it would seem the youth of today would apply that message to other potentially distracting behaviors while behind the wheel. Incredibly, 27 percent of teenage drivers admit to operating a vehicle while putting on makeup and doing their homework. Research shows the current push towards educating youth on the dangers of texting and driving is having a positive impact. However, teenagers do not seem to apply the same knowledge to other distractions while driving that can result in the same dire consequences.
South Carolina residents who are injured in a car accident might sustain a thoracic or lumbar spine fracture. Spines may fracture in three different patterns known as flexion, extension and rotation, but extension is most common in car crashes.
As South Carolina drivers may know, trauma such as that encountered in a car accident may injure the shoulder. The shoulder is a major joint with three articulations for the humerus, scapula and clavicle. While any of these three bones may be fractured, scapular and clavicular fractures are the most common. The deltoid muscle protects the shoulder joint, and the area under the muscle, called a bursa, absorbs shock.
Two people were killed in a head-on collision involving three vehicles on a highway near Conway on Feb. 1. The accident occurred around 7 p.m., according to the South Carolina Highway Patrol.
South Carolina has a partial helmet law, which requires helmet use for motorcycle riders 20 and younger. Wearing a helmet improves the chances of surviving a motorcycle accident. In terms of preventing fatal injuries, helmets are 37 percent effective in limiting fatalities for motorcycle drivers and 41 percent effective for their passengers.
Whiplash is a common label for an injury suffered in car accidents, sports accidents and falls. Typically involving a quick back-and-forth motion of the neck of the victim, whiplash injuries can affect a number of different muscles and bones and symptoms can vary widely.